The TOEFL iBT consists of four sections:

  • Reading (30 points),
  • Listening (30 points),
  • Speaking (30 points),
  • Writing (30 points).
The test is given throughout the world and the TOEFL score is accepted by thousands of institutions. A TOEFL score is valid for two years.

The TOEFL emerged out of necessity. After World War Two, many students from various countries arrived in the USA to study at an American university. A test was needed so that these students' language proficiency could be assessed. Because of this fact, the language used in the TOEFL iBT is academic English. Originally, the TOEFL was paper-based (PBT - Paper-Based Test). As technology advanced, it became possible to use computers to give the test. The result was the TOEFL CBT (Computer-Based Test); here, CDs were used to deliver the test. Shortly after that, the internet-based test was implemented. Today, PBT and CBT do not exist any more - yet, the TOEFL PBT is used in its modified format as the TOEFL ITP.

During the Listening, Speaking, and Writing sections, it is allowed to take notes - as a matter of fact, note-taking is very important in the TOEFL iBT. Even though these notes are collected at the end of the test, they are not used at all to add or subtract points to total score; they are simple destroyed after the test. As of 2019, the reading section lasts shorter than one hour.